An Epidemic spreading across the United States is as deadly as cancer. Parkinson’s Disease, Lung Cancer, Colon Cancer, AIDS and other diseases make headlines, but Metabolic Syndrome receives little notice. Metabolic Syndrome increases the risk for stroke and heart attack, erectile dysfunction, type II diabetes, and some studies suggest that obesity, a prime factor in development of Metabolic Syndrome, increases the risk for colon and breast cancer.
“The Metabolic Syndrome is a newly recognized entity,” says Dr. A. O. Rifai, M.D., who specializes in hypertension, nephrology, and metabolic syndrome in Panama City, Florida, “and is as deadly as cancer for the following reasons. Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer in the United States, and hypertension is the number on cause of death worldwide, 12%. That means that for 12 out of 100 people who die in the world today hypertension is the number one risk factor, and the number on risk factor for hypertension is metabolic syndrome.”
Obesity, defined as a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 30, is calculated by using a BMI calculator that can be found on several web sites that can be found by a Google search. The higher the BMI above normal, the greater your risk for the metabolic syndrome. Lifestyle habits leading to obesity include unhealthy food choices combined with a general lack of fitness in adults and children.
“Metabolic Syndrome”, according to Dr. Rifai, “is a combination of interrelated conditions presenting as a disease process”. Those conditions are obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol and hign blood sugar, with obesity being the initiating factor.
Metabolic Syndrome ws less common in earlier generations because our grandparents and parents we more active. Today we drive everywhere, even short distances. We park near the door at the grocery store or mall rather than further out and walking. The foods we eat are much different such as fast foods, processed foods, high fructose corn syrup, trans-fats, and refined sugars. We now recognize their tendencies to cause illness and contribute to the metabolic syndrome.
“The luxuries of life have reduced our metabolic expenditures,” say Dr. Rifai, “causing metabolic syndrome to become a much more prevalent disease process. The luxuries of life combined with the newer foods have expressed themselves now. The body does not metabolize these food well.”
Treating the metabolic syndrome is complex and requires cooperative efforts between the health care provider and the patient.
“Treatment of the metabolic syndrome is an intense weight reduction lifestyle,” says Dr. Rifai. “If you tell me that I have high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes, and you are going to treat those, but I continue to eat anything I want, then we are not treating the metabolic syndrome, just the metabolic abnormalities. So, the treatment for metabolic syndrome is intense dietary and exercise intervention. The patient must do his or her part.”
A weight reduction lifestyle consists of two components, healthy eating to decrease calorie intake, combined with daily exercise to burn more calories. Taking in just 500 calories daily more than you burn will cause you to gain one pound per week.
Healthy eating means changing the types of food you eat. Eat more high volume, low calorie foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, protein and fiber rather than low volume high calorie foods such as fast food and desserts. At mealtime, control your portion size. A portion of meat, whether beef, pork, chicken, or fish, is three ounces, about the size of a deck of cards; a portion of vegetables is one cup, about the size of a tennis ball, and a portion of starchy vegetables like rice, potatoes and pasta is one-half cup, or about half the size of a tennis ball. Use a salad plate for your meal to help limit the portion size, and no second helpings. Use an APP like “My Fitness Pal” to track your food and exercise.
Read food labels. The label tells you the portion size, the number of calories in the portion, the number of calories from fat, protein, and carbohydrate, all information that is important if you are going to keep track of what you are taking in.
Taking in calories is much easier than getting rid of calories. An average piece of pie contains about 400 calories, and it takes only a few minutes to eat, maybe a little longer if we are visiting at the same time. Burning those same 400 calories takes about one hour of BRISK walking. Think about all the little things that you munch during your day, and the calories you are taking in. Compare that to the exercise you do to burn off the excess. Do they balance? Or, are the calories in more than the calories out?
Exercise is very important in the treatment of metabolic syndrome. Studies by the American Heart Association show that regular exercise, thirty minutes of moderate paced walking, three to five days a week improve the cardiovascular tone and decreases the risks of metabolic syndrome. Start slowly and gradually increase the length of time and intensity of the exercise. You’re not sixteen anymore, and it will take time to build up to the level of exercise that you need to do daily. Many people stop exercising because they start too vigorously and think they can’t do the exercise and quit. Take it easy in the beginning and gradually build up to the level you need to accomplish your goal. Marathon runners don’t start by running marathons. They start by running around the block, gradually increasing their duration and intensity until they can go the distance.
According to Dr. Rifai, any increase in activity can help. “Park far away from the mall entrance and walk in, walk a flight of stairs instead of taking the elevator, just walk around the neighborhood,” he says. “Be more active, walk a little faster, and eventually you will have the energy to do more.”
Metabolic syndrome is a serious disease for both adults and children, and obesity is the greatest risk for metabolic syndrome. It is a deadly epidemic, and the patient must be as involved in the treatment as the health care provider. Without a combined effort, the treatment will not work.